POSTED: Monday, October 8, 2012 - 10:00am
UPDATED: Monday, October 8, 2012 - 10:04am
NBC News — Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka and British researcher John Gurdon won this year's Nobel Prize in medicine. The pair is credited with discovering that mature, specialized cells of the body can be reprogrammed into stem cells.
Scientists want to harness the breakthrough to create replacement tissues for treating diseases like Parkinson's and for studying the roots of diseases in the laboratory. The Nobel Prize committee said the discovery had quote "revolutionized our understanding of how cells and organisms develop."