Why your life insurance premiums may be so high

Why your life insurance premiums may be so high

POSTED: Sunday, July 27, 2014 - 1:00pm

UPDATED: Sunday, July 27, 2014 - 1:04pm

By Les Christie

NEW YORK (CNNMoney) -- What you'll pay for a life insurance policy can vary dramatically; men pay higher premiums than women, older policyholders pay more than younger ones and smokers pay more than non-smokers.

But just how much does your age, gender or smoking habit cost you? InsuranceQuotes.com evaluated life insurance premiums for the top 25 carriers in the nation to find out.

Men pay an average of 38% more than women for the same coverage.

Here's one area where women have a financial edge. Men are at a greater risk of cardiovascular disease, various cancers and accidental injuries and that makes them more risky to insurers. The average life expectancy of an American man is also five years younger than a woman's. So in an insurer's eyes, men are more likely to cash in on their policy.

Smokers pay more than three times as much as non-smokers for the same policy.

It's no secret that smoking causes a litany of health problems -- and insurers charge higher premiums to reflect that fact. Based on the increased risk that a smoker will die during the term of their policy, insurers can charge smokers three times as much as non-smokers, insuranceQuotes.com found.

A non-smoking 45-year-old woman, for example, pays $45 a month for a $500,000 term life policy. If she smokes, however, the premium shoots up to $167 a month. That's $1,462 more a year.

If you can kick the habit, however, you can save big. Tell your insurer that you've been smoke free for two years and they will usually lower your premium, said Laura Adams, an analyst for insuranceQuotes.com.

"If you go back to your insurer after two years and tell them, 'I haven't smoked in two years,' they will reissue the policy at the rate for non-smokers," said Adams. "That's pretty generous. It's almost like you never smoked."

But don't tell your insurer that if it's not true. If you do die of a smoking-related cause and your insurer finds out you never quit, they can deny the benefit entirely.

Get coverage young and save -- but only if you need it

Most people don't feel the need to buy life insurance until they have a child. And in general, that's a pretty good rule of thumb.

If you have children in your 20s or early 30s you could save significantly on premiums by opening a policy while you're young.

Premiums for 35 year olds cost about 27% more than those for a 25 year old.

"Term life [policies are] popular because they're relatively inexpensive and people don't need policies for their entire life," said Adams. Many parents buy 20-year term policies to see their children through their college years.

Of course, parents can save money by postponing insurance and then buying for a shorter coverage period. But that means going without coverage during the first five or 10 years of the child's life, something that many parents may not want to gamble on.

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